Townsend would give Roe the requested goods and Roe would leave. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. Timing was essential for intelligence to be of any use. (Author) Following the war Brewster married Anne Lewis of the Connecticut coastal town of Fairfield and moved there. Various articles by Historian Beverly Tyler, Education Chair of the Three Village Historical Society. Washington, [Charles] Scott, and Tallmadge collaborated to invent the latter code name. Female Spy in the American Revolution A group of spies known as the Culper Spy Ring operated from 1778 to 1780 in an intricate network from British-occupied New York City to Setauket, Long Island, north to Connecticut, and then west to George Washington’s headquarters at Newburgh, New York. A single-trip mission had resulted in the capture and execution of Tallmadge’s Yale classmate Nathan Hale, whereas none of Tallmadge’s intelligence agents were ever discovered by the British. He was 28 years old and the timing was perfect. Today we’re going to look at Abraham Woodhull and Caleb Brewster, two important members of the ring. In addition to providing his agents with code names, Tallmadge devised a cipher system for their intelligence reports. Caleb turns and sees the woman who’d given him the medicines for Eliza. She kept arguing with me about Caleb Brewster’s code name, because I said he never had one, and she didn’t believe me. The existence of the spy ring was not known until the 1930s. The Black Rock harbor was the point of attack for the patriot cause. The ZIP code for this address is 11733 and the postal code suffix is 3703. Caleb eventually enlisted in the Continental Armyand by the autumn of 1776, he was a Lieutenant. The mission also entailed destroying a stockpile of three hundred tons of hay, which was in reserves for the British army. Spy Chat in Fairfield: Revolutionary Spies in CT (Featuring Caleb Brewster and the Whaleboat Wars) Posted on April 5, 2016 Updated on April 5, 2016 (Edit: No, “Caleb Brewster and the Whaleboat Wars” isn’t the name of a band.But it SHOULD be.) One of his passengers was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, William Floyd. He then pursued a life at sea as a mate on a merchant ship. During the war, Brewster also ran smuggling missions from a whaling ship. Setauket, New York, Long Island. Throughout the war, the Culper Ring made sketches of fortifications and reported on ship arrivals and departures; troop activities, strength, positions, and morale; and the status of British supplies. One of the ring’s most-important contributions to the war effort was intelligence that saved recently arrived French troops from potential disaster. A fine large boat from New Haven.”. Caleb Brewster left the quiet life on his family farm home in Setauket, Long Island, at 19 years old for the adventure of a position on a Nantucket whaler. Brewster’s efforts were successful in lowering the frequency of British kidnapping and plundering expeditions carried out against the patriots in Connecticut. Caleb Brewster’s Espionage on Long Island Sound. Printable Spy Code Name Chart: ♡ Instant Digital Download (.PDF) ♡ 8x10”… One in six Long Islanders departed to Connecticut as refugees in 1776. Brewster was the only spy to sign letters under his real name instead of his secret agent code 725. Brewster burned the hay stockpiles without a man killed in the expedition. It was one of eight Long Island fortifications established by the British on Long Island. Besides Robert Townsend and Abraham Woodhull other members of the spy ring included Caleb Brewster, Austin Roe, Anna Strong, James Rivington, Amos Underhill, Jonas Hawkins, Sally Townsend, and Mary Underhill. The Culper Spy RIng was so secretive the leaders of The RIng created code names for the major contributors in The Ring. In mid-September 1776, the American officer Nathan Hale was hanged without trial in New York City. In 1776, when the British invaded New York City, Setauket, Long Island became a center for British commanders and would soon be under martial law. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. CODE NAMES: None Known ... Caleb Brewster came periodically across the Devil's Belt (Long Island Sound) to deliver or retrieve the Spy Ring's messages. The patriots opposed the “intolerable acts” imposed upon by the British, which included immunity from prosecution. The Culper Spy Ring lasted from 1778 to 1783. Brewster was also involved in many whaleboat wars. The ring was named for the operational names of two of its members: Abraham Woodhull (code-named Samuel Culper) and Robert Townsend (code-named Culper, Jr.). Their names were Caleb Brewster, who was the first to approach Washington about offering his assistance, and Major Benjamin Tallmadge, who was Washington’s spymaster. Once Caleb got the message, he rowed over to Connecticut and got it to the spymaster. These agents reported on British activity from their homes in New York City, on Long Island, New York, and in Connecticut. The attack was successful with no patriot troops lost in battle. This property was listed by Lorraine Marotta from our Setauket Office.Want to learn more about 45 Caleb Brewster Rd? Sold - 48 Caleb Brewster Rd, East Setauket, NY - $684,000. Abraham Woodhull's code name was Samuel Culper Sr. and Robert Townsend was Samuel Culper Jr. Caleb Brewster Creaated The Ring Many spies in The Ring didn't even know who the other spies were since The Ring was so confidential Because of his experience gathering intelligence in the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons and the high regard in which he was held by Gen. George Washington, the commander of the Continental Army, Tallmadge was asked in November 1778 to organize an intelligence service to operate in British-occupied New York City. Instead of following the convention of dispatching scouts into British territory on single-trip missions, Tallmadge organized his network of agents to operate behind and just beyond enemy lines, from their homes in New York City, on Long Island, and in Connecticut, from which they reported on British activity. He also made direct reports to Washington concerning naval activities in the New York City area. Brewster was a lieutenant in the Continental Army and owned a whaleboat that allowed him to travel between Connecticut and Long Island by water. Their achievements and contribution in the War of Independence were at least equal if not exceeding those of the legendary patriotism of Paul Revere. Latitude for the location: 40.935848. The descendant of one of the original Mayflower passengers, Caleb Brewster worked as a courier for the Culper Ring. Washington congratulated Brewster and Tallmadge, saying of the hay, that it must be “severly felt by the enemy at this time,” as winter was approaching. Caleb Brewster (September 12, 1747 – February 13, 1827) was a member of the Culper spy ring during the American Revolutionary War, reporting to General George Washington through Major Benjamin Tallmadge. A graduate of Norwich University's Master of Arts in Military History program, Kevin S. Gould has published numerous articles and book reviews on military history topics in specialized encyclopedias and... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The ZIP code for this address is 11733 and the postal code suffix is 3734. It operated in British-controlled New York City from 1778 to 1783. Robert Foley is an independent scholar working on Bridgeport history topics. His grandmother, Sarah Ludlow, was the wife of Roger Ludlow, the English lawyer, magistrate, military officer, and colonist who helped found the Colony of Connecticut as well as the town of Fairfield. He became a blacksmith, often trading with the Black Rock merchant Thomas Bartram, and became Captain of the first United States Coast Guard revenue cutter ship for the district of New York from 1793 to 1816. The target, the firmly entrenched barracks called Fort Franklin, from which the enemy directed many attacks against the patriots in Connecticut. Black Rock became a focal point for battles and espionage during the entire war period from 1776 to 1783, during which the British occupied New York City, part of Westchester and Long Island. Updates? If British troops harmed local residents, they could avoid prosecution for criminal offence, which some at the time called the “murder act.”. Townsend learned that British Gen. Sir Henry Clinton was preparing some 8,000 troops to attack the French force of approximately 5,800 troops under Gen. Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, that had just arrived at Newport, Rhode Island, on July 11, 1780. So in 1775, when the Second Continental Congress chose Washington as commander in chief of the Continental armi… Of Brewster’s many expeditions the most documented ones occurred from 1779 to 1781. Happy new year, TURNcoats! Caleb Brewster joined what is today the Coast Guard in 1793, retired in 1816, and died in 1827. Brewster’s intelligence missions would also successfully warn General Washington of the burning of Fairfield in 1779. The Culper Ring was the most-professional of Washington’s espionage networks, and though Tallmadge was its manager, Washington himself regularly tasked the agents with very specific instructions, including techniques to be used to conceal their espionage activities to protect themselves. When Brewster arrived in Black Rock, where the first privateers were commissioned in Connecticut, it had been just months before in November, 1775, that the Continental Congress created the Letter of Marque and a list of “Resolutions” defining parameters for prize money. Spy Chat in Fairfield: Revolutionary Spies in CT (Featuring Caleb Brewster and the Whaleboat Wars) Posted on April 5, 2016 Updated on April 5, 2016 (Edit: No, “Caleb Brewster and the Whaleboat Wars” isn’t the name of a band.But it SHOULD be.) He was not alone in fleeing the British occupied Long Island. This is due to the fact that the existence of the Culper Spy Ring itself was hidden for approximately 150 years. Invisible Ink. A skilled boat captain, he navigated through hard-to-reach coves and channels to pick up information gathered by the other members, and deliver it to Tallmadge. The list of flooring materials includes hardwood. Delivery time was reduced to one week when Washington’s cavalry was stationed close by, in the Greenfield Hill section of Fairfield. The name of a women member of the spy ring to this day remains unknown; she is referred to by her spy code number as Agent 355. Brewster was the only spy to sign letters under his real name instead of his secret agent code Brewster’s hometown was soon under occupation. Mister Brewster did such on land and sea. Main Street in the historic Black Rock Harbor village was renamed after Caleb Brewster in 1901 and is now called Brewster Street. Omissions? As a result, the American Revolution owed many of its successes to intelligence reported by the ring. She storms up to him and grabs his arm. “I took a prize coming home today. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 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